Terra-cotta Warriors & Horses


The Museum of Terra-cotta Warriors & Horses is located about 35 km east of Xi'an city.
The fragments of terra-cotta figures have been discovered in March, 1974 when several farmers were sinking a well about 1.5 km east of the First Qin Emperor's Mausoleum. Again in 1976, two more pits were discovered 20 meters and 25 meters north of the former one respectively. They were then named Pit 1, Pit 2 and Pit 3 by order of discovery.
The three pits cover a total area of 22,780 square meters. In order to provide the historical artifacts with adequate protection, a museum was set up on the site of Pit 1 in 1975 and was officially open to the public on Oct. 1, 1979. The exhibition hall of Pit 3 was open to the public on Sep. 27, 1989. The exhibition hall of Pit 2 was completed and open to the public in 1994.
The Museum of Terra-cotta Army, one of the top ten places of historical interest in China, was listed as the world heritage by the UNESCO about a decade ago.